Airspace Rules are similar, however….
The concepts are the same but the details are different so,
*****Please read this Canadian Airspace article © AeroTransport Publications 2015*****
It has everything you need to know about airspace rules in Canada.
VFR Flight Plan
Within the borders of the US & Canada we can fly freely.
In the US, a VFR flight plan is not required, though it’s a good idea,
similarly, a VFR flight plan in Canada consists of “letting someone know”.
Most importantly, the US and Canada require a flight plan to cross the border. This is mandatory.
Pilots crossing the U.S. border must have an ATC squawk code.
Therefore, all aircraft must be on an active IFR, VFR, or Defense VFR flight plan if you are flying through the ADIZ from Alaska.
All aircraft must make their first landing at a Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) airport of entry.
Crossing Border Airspace
An Electronic Advanced Passenger Information System (eAPIS) manifest is required anytime a flight plan includes crossing a border and landing in another country
eAPIS is a U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) Web-based system that collects and transmits traveler data for travel in to and out of the United States. eAPIS passes electronic manifests to the Advance Passenger Information System (APIS).
eAPIS offers users:
- The ability to submit traveler manifest data via onscreen entry.
- The receipt of a submission number from CBP confirming the successful delivery of the manifest data.
- The option to re-use a Recent Manifest.
- The option to re-use a Saved Manifest.
- The ability to upload electronic manifest files that conform to a specific format.
- The ability to print a manifest.
Americans can overfly Canada airspace to/from Alaska without eAPIS but a flight plan is required.
(Write “Canada overflight” in the remarks section of the flight plan.)
Similarly, as long as no landing occurs,
Canadians can overfly US airspace e.g. to Maritimes without eAPIS or passport/Canpass but a flight plan is required
Pilots cannot fly in Canada with Basic Med yet. It is not ICAO compliant
USA – 45 degree downwind entry is common
Canada – 45 degree entry not usually done (requested)
(Overfly the field and teardrop to the downwind leg. Fly straight in or enter on base to final)